Znamennīy Raspev

(Rus. "chanting by signs")
   Chant of the Russian Orthodox church. The term coincides with chant books of the late 15th century accompanied by azbuki ("alphabets") listing neume types with Slavonic names. The earliest Russian sources date from the late 11th century but are written in notation derived from the earliest Byzantine type that has not been deciphered, and political turmoil in the 13th century may have prevented the importation of Byzantine innovations. Even the numerous alphabetic tables in the 16th century do not solve the notation problem entirely because they do not agree. A reform associated with Ivan Shaydur about 1600 assigned fixed pitches to the neumes, thus severing all relations with the Byzantine tradition of notating intervals.
   When Patriarch Nikon (ruled 1652–1656) promoted the polyphonic singing of the chant, groups opposed to it splintered in schism from the Russian Orthodox Church. These "Old Believers" saw polyphony as a threat from Roman Catholicism. The importation of Western staff notation during the reign of Peter the Great (1689– 1725) bolstered the new polyphonic chant and marginalized the traditional monophony.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chant —    Vocal music of religious rites the world over. Chant connotes the sacred more consistently than any other kind of music. Although certain traditions may not hold to all of them, common characteristics of chant include: texts drawn from ancient …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Demestvenny —    Highly elaborate Russian Orthodox chant used for solemn feasts; derivative of kalaphonic chant, heard today only in the congregations of Old Believers.    See also Znamennīy Raspev …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Gretchaninoff, Alexander Tikhonovich — (25 October 1864, Moscow – 3 January 1956, New York City)    Composer who diverged from the Russian Orthodox tradition by his irregular use of chant and occasional instrumental accompaniment. His {}Missa Oecumenica (1944) sets the Latin mass text …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Kievan Chant —    Variant of znamennīy raspev dating from the 17thcentury characterized by formulaic repetition …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Moscow —    The capital of Russia was the principal center for Russian Orthodox sacred music. Tsar Ivan III established the gosudarevī pevchiye {}d’yaki (ruler’s singing clerks) after 1472 to sing at court functions and all important religious services.… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Polyphony —    The art of combining simultaneous melodies, the hallmark of Western music (excluding the non melodic drones of some Byzantine chant and Hindu music). It is believed that polyphony originated as an improvisation technique, a means of… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Russian Greek Chant —    Russian Orthodox chant of uncertain origins, dating from the 17th century and characterized by periodic phrases and strong meter, unusual for religious chants.    See also Kievan Chant; Znamennīy Raspev …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Tchaikovsky, Piotr Ilyich — (7 May 1840, Votkinsk, Viatka district, Russia – 6 November 1893, St. Petersburg)    Renowned chiefly for concert music, Tchaikovsky took a serious interest in the condition of Russian Orthodox music, editing the complete sacred choral works of… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.